Haplotyping using a combination of polymerase chain reaction–single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis and haplotype-specific PCR amplification

Zhou, Huitong
Li, S
Liu, X
Wang, J
Luo, Y
Hickford, Jonathan
Journal Article
Fields of Research
ANZSRC::060101 Analytical Biochemistry , ANZSRC::3101 Biochemistry and cell biology , ANZSRC::3401 Analytical chemistry
A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) may have an impact on phenotype, but it may also be influenced by multiple SNPs within a gene; hence, the haplotype or phase of multiple SNPs needs to be known. Various methods for haplotyping SNPs have been proposed, but a simple and cost-effective method is currently unavailable. Here we describe a haplotyping approach using two simple techniques: polymerase chain reaction–single-strand conformational polymorphism (PCR–SSCP) and haplotype-specific PCR. In this approach, individual regions of a gene are analyzed by PCR–SSCP to identify variation that defines sub-haplotypes, and then extended haplotypes are assembled from the sub-haplotypes either directly or with the additional use of haplotype-specific PCR amplification. We demonstrate the utility of this approach by haplotyping ovine FABP4 across two variable regions that contain seven SNPs and one indel. The simplicity of this approach makes it suitable for large-scale studies and/or diagnostic screening.
© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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