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dc.contributor.authorHu, W.
dc.contributor.authorChau, Henry
dc.contributor.authorQiu, W.
dc.contributor.authorSi, B. C.
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-11T01:54:34Z
dc.date.available2017-05-29en
dc.date.issued2017-08
dc.date.submitted2017-05-26en
dc.identifier.citationHu, W., Chau, H.W., Qiu,W., & Si, B. (2017). Environmental controls on the spatial variability of soil water dynamics in a small watershed. Journal of Hydrology, 551, 47-55. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.05.054
dc.identifier.issn0022-1694en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10182/9344
dc.description.abstractSoil water content (SWC) in the root zone is controlled by a suite of environmental variables. Complication arises from the cross-correlation between these environmental variables. Therefore, there is still a poor understanding on the controls of root zone SWC dynamics due, in part, to a lack of an appropriate method to untangle the controls. The objective of this study was to reveal the dominant controls of root zone soil water dynamics in a small watershed using an appropriate method based on empirical orthogonal function (EOF). For this purpose, SWC of 0–0.8 m layer in a small watershed on the Chinese Loess Plateau was used. The space-variant temporal anomaly (RₜₙRₜₙ) of SWC, which is responsible for the spatial variability of soil water dynamics, was decomposed using the EOF. Results indicated that 86% of the total variations of RₜₙRₜₙ were explained by three significant spatial structures (EOFs). Sand content and grass yield dominated the EOF1 of RₜₙRₜₙ and elevation and aspect dominated EOF2 and EOF3 of RₜₙRₜₙ, respectively. Moreover, their effects on soil water dynamics were time-dependent. The EOF analysis showed that three independent groups of factors (i.e., soil and vegetation dominated earth surface condition, elevation related near surface air humidity, and aspect regulated energy input) may drive the variability in soil water dynamics. Traditional correlation analysis, however, indicated that SWC was greater at higher elevation and sun-facing slopes, which distorted the soil water dynamics controls. Although original SWC-based partial correlation basically supported our findings, the results highly depended on the controlling factors selected. This study implied that RₜₙRₜₙ rather than original SWC should be preferred for understanding soil water dynamics controls.en
dc.format.extent47-55en
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - Elsevier - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.05.054 - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.05.054en
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.05.054en
dc.rights© 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
dc.subjectempirical orthogonal functionen
dc.subjectcontrolling factoren
dc.subjectsoil moistureen
dc.subjecttopographyen
dc.subjectspatial variabilityen
dc.subjecttemporal stabilityen
dc.subjectEnvironmental Engineeringen
dc.titleEnvironmental controls on the spatial variability of soil water dynamics in a small watersheden
dc.typeJournal Article
lu.contributor.unitLincoln University
lu.contributor.unitFaculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Soil and Physical Sciences
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.05.054en
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of Hydrologyen
pubs.organisational-group/LU
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Agriculture and Life Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Agriculture and Life Sciences/SOILS
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/PE20
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/QE18
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
pubs.publisher-urlhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.05.054en
pubs.volume551en
dc.identifier.eissn1879-2707en
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0002-9411-9816


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