No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide
Seebens, H.; Blackburn, T. M.; Dyer, E. E.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, Philip E.; Jeschke, J. M.; Pagad, S.; Pyšek, P.; Winter, M.; Arianoutsou, M.; Bacher, S.; Blasius, B.; Brundu, G.; Capinha, C.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; Dawson, W.; Dullinger, S.; Fuentes, N.; Jäger, H.; Kartesz, J.; Kenis, M.; Kreft, H.; Kühn, I.; Lenzner, B.; Liebhold, A.; Mosena, A.; Moser, D.; Nishino, M.; Pearman, D.; Pergl, J.; Rabitsch, W.; Rojas-Sandoval, J.; Roques, A.; Rorke, S.; Rossinelli, S.; Roy, H. E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Štajerová, K.; Tokarska-Guzik, B.; van Kleunen, M.; Walker, K.; Weigelt, P.; Yamanaka, T.; Essl, F.
Although research on human-mediated exchanges of species has substantially intensified during the last centuries, we know surprisingly little about temporal dynamics of alien species accumulations across regions and taxa. Using a novel database of 45,813 first records of 16,926 established alien species, we show that the annual rate of first records worldwide has increased during the last 200 years, with 37% of all first records reported most recently (1970-2014). Inter-continental and inter-taxonomic variation can be largely attributed to the diaspora of European settlers in the nineteenth century and to the acceleration in trade in the twentieth century. For all taxonomic groups, the increase in numbers of alien species does not show any sign of saturation and most taxa even show increases in the rate of first records over time. This highlights that past efforts to mitigate invasions have not been effective enough to keep up with increasing globalization.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordsinvasive species; alien species; inter-taxonomic variation; species invasions; species globalization; species accumulation; Species Specificity; Geography; Time Factors; Internationality; Computer Simulation; Introduced Species; Islands
© The Author(s) 2017. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/Attribution 4.0 International
CitationSeebens et al. (2017). No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications, 8, 14435 (2017). doi:10.1038/ncomms14435
The following license files are associated with this item:
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Creative Commons AttributionCreative Commons Attribution
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The effects of temperature, water content and fungicidal treatment on storage of barley (Hordeum sativum J.) and maize (Zea mays L.) : a dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the Diploma of Agricultural Science in the Lincoln University College Goh, A. P. (Lincoln College, University of Canterbury, 1976)The principal contaminants found on barley and maize seeds were bacteria and fungi. Both field and storage fungi were found on barley and maize seeds. The field fungi comprised Fusarium sp. and Alternaria sp. The storage ...
Godsoe, William; Harmon, L. J. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc. on behalf of The Oikos Editorial Office, 2012-09)One of the most promising recent advances in biogeography has been the increased interest and understanding of species distribution models – estimates of the probability that a species is present given environmental data. ...
Pouteau, R.; Hulme, Philip E.; Duncan, Richard P. (Wiley on behalf of Oikos Editorial Board, 2015)© 2014 The Authors.Theories to explain the success of alien species often assume that they are inherently different from native species. Although there is an increasing body of evidence showing that alien plants tend to ...