Trusting in the “eye in the sky”? Farmers’ and auditors’ perceptions of drone use in environmental auditing

dc.contributor.authorLucock, Xiaomeng
dc.contributor.authorWestbrooke, Victoria
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-06T01:07:29Z
dc.date.available2021-11-29
dc.date.issued2021-12
dc.date.submitted2021-11-25
dc.description.abstractWorldwide, the agricultural sector is under pressure to demonstrate environmental sustainability. In New Zealand, farm environment plans (FEPs) and their auditing were intended to guide farmers towards sustainable practices by meeting regulations. However, on-farm audits can be time consuming, costly, and stressful for farmers. Meanwhile, the advancement of drone technology has made it possible to incorporate such tools in environmental audits. By means of field observation and in-depth interviews with both farmers and auditors, this research investigated the processes and perceptions of incorporating drones in environmental audits. The aerial views provided additional, high-quality information for the audit. However, flying a drone is subject to weather conditions. Additionally, reductions in audit time were dependent on farm scale, topography, and the auditor’s knowledge of the farm and the farmer. Farmer-auditor relationships are critical for enabling the benefits of drone use within the FEP audit process. Such relationships require a high level of interaction-based trust between farmers and auditors. Further clarity around the use and ownership of drone images could enhance trust, enabling the benefits of drones in audits to be fully utilised, hence furthering the environmental management and compliance processes towards achieving their objectives of better environmental outcomes.
dc.format.extent20 pages
dc.identifierhttps://www.webofscience.com/api/gateway?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=elements_prod&SrcAuth=WosAPI&KeyUT=WOS:000735107100001&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=WOS
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su132313208
dc.identifier.eissn2071-1050
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050
dc.identifier.otherXV7GY (isidoc)
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10182/14461
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relationThe original publication is available from MDPI - https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313208 - https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/23/13208
dc.relation.isPartOfSustainability
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/su132313208
dc.rights© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.rights.ccnameAttribution
dc.rights.ccurihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectaudit
dc.subjectdrones/UAV
dc.subjectfarm environment plan
dc.subjectfarmer
dc.subjecttechnology adoption
dc.subjecttrust
dc.subject.anzsrc2020ANZSRC::410404 Environmental management
dc.subject.anzsrc2020ANZSRC::410402 Environmental assessment and monitoring
dc.subject.anzsrc2020ANZSRC::300208 Farm management, rural management and agribusiness
dc.subject.anzsrc2020ANZSRC::441003 Rural sociology
dc.titleTrusting in the “eye in the sky”? Farmers’ and auditors’ perceptions of drone use in environmental auditing
dc.typeJournal Article
lu.contributor.unitLU
lu.contributor.unitLU|Faculty of Agribusiness and Commerce
lu.contributor.unitLU|Faculty of Agribusiness and Commerce|LAMS
lu.contributor.unitLU|Research Management Office
lu.contributor.unitLU|Faculty of Agribusiness and Commerce|AGMK
lu.contributor.unitLU|Research Management Office|OLD QE18
lu.contributor.unitLU|Research Management Office|OLD PE20
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0002-3648-7987
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0003-2040-155X
pubs.article-number13208
pubs.issue23
pubs.publication-statusPublished online
pubs.publisher-urlhttps://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/23/13208
pubs.volume13
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