Effect of DGAT1 variant (K232A) on milk traits and milk fat composition in outdoor pasture-grazed dairy cattle

Li, Y
Zhou, Huitong
Cheng, Long,
Edwards, GR
Hickford, Jonathan
Journal Article
Fields of Research
ANZSRC::3004 Crop and pasture production , ANZSRC::3108 Plant biology
An amino acid substitution (K232A) in the enzyme diacylglycerol acyl-CoA acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) has been reported to explain variation in milk traits and milk fatty acid (FA) profile. In this study, associations between K232A, and milk traits including milk FA composition, were studied in wholly pasture-fed New Zealand Holstein-Friesian × Jersey cross-bred (KiwicrossTM) dairy cows. With a high frequency of K variant (61.9%), the KK cows produced more milk fat on average (5.41±0.04%), than the AA cows (4.43±0.06%). The milk volume, fat concentration and protein concentration for the AK cows were between the values for the genotypes AA and KK. More C16:0 (saturated fatty acid), conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and polyunsaturated fatty acid (C18:3 cis-9, 12, 15) were found in the milk of the KiwicrossTM cows, and the influence of DGAT1 K232A on these FAs during the mid- and late- stage of lactation were significant. The AA cows produced more (P<0.001) CLA (1.137±0.047 g/100 g) and C18:3 cis-9, 12, 15 (0.855±0.015 g/100 g), but less C16:0 (35.170±0.355 g/100 g) than the KK cows (0.934±0.025 g/100 g, 0.778±0.009 g/100 g and 38.010± 0.250 g/100 g respectively).
© 2019 The Royal Society of New Zealand.
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