New methodology for the ecological footprint with an application to the New Zealand economy

dc.contributor.authorBicknell, Kathryn B.
dc.contributor.authorBall, R. J.
dc.contributor.authorCullen, Ross
dc.contributor.authorBigsby, Hugh R.
dc.description.abstractSustainable development has become a primary objective for many countries throughout the world since the late 1980’s. A major difficulty associated with sustainable development objectives, however, is the absence of reliable indicators to measure progress towards the goal of sustainability. The “ecological footprint”, developed by William Rees and Mathis Wackernagel, provides an estimate of the land area necessary to sustain current levels of resource consumption for a given population. On an aggregate basis, the ecological footprint may be compared with the amount of ecologically productive land available to give an indication of whether consumption patters are likely to be sustainable. This paper proposes the use of a modified form of input-output analysis to calculate the ecological footprint. The input-output approach provides a consistent means of calculating an ecological footprint using data collected as part of the system of national accounts in most developed countries. In addition, it makes explicit the link between the level of economic activity in a country and its corresponding impact on the environment. An application of this methodology to New Zealand indicates that it takes 3.49 hectares of ecologically productive land per year to sustain the average New Zealander’s current level of consumption.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors wish to thank Landcare Research New Zealand Limited for providing the funding for this research.
dc.publisherLincoln University. Commerce Division
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - Lincoln University. Commerce Divisionen
dc.subjectecological footprinten
dc.subjecteconomic analysisen
dc.subjectenvironmental impacten
dc.subjectsustainable developmenten
dc.subject.marsdenMarsden::340202 Environment and resource economics
dc.subject.marsdenMarsden::340401 Economic models and forecasting
dc.titleNew methodology for the ecological footprint with an application to the New Zealand economyen
dc.typeDiscussion Paper
lu.contributor.unitLincoln University
lu.contributor.unitFaculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences
lu.contributor.unitFaculty of Agribusiness and Commerce
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Financial and Business Systems
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Global Value Chains and Trade
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
87.46 KB
Adobe Portable Document Format
Licence bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
2.44 KB
Item-specific license agreed upon to submission