Dairying and the environment
Over the past decade, there has been a rapid increase in dairy farming in the South Island. A number of the newly established dairy farms are on free-draining course-textured or stony soils. Nitrate leaching from intensive agricultural systems, such as dairy farms, is considered a major contributor to increased nitrate concentrations in ground and surface waters (Cameron et al.,1997). The objective of this research programme was to determine nitrate leaching losses on dairy pasture systems as affected by the application of dairy shed effluent (DSE), nitrogen (N) fertilisers and cow urine on free-draining soils using large, undisturbed soil lysimeters. The data obtained were used to develop a simple, semi-empirical computer model to estimate nitrate leaching losses and critical N application rates in order not to exceed the drinking water standard of nitrate (11.3 mg NIL) in the drainage water.... [Show full abstract]
TypeConference Contribution - Published (Conference Paper)
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