He Whenua Whakatipu: a draft sustainable development framework for Ngai Tahu landholders
This paper outlines a draft sustainable development framework for Ngai Tahu landholders. The notion of sustainable development, by its very nature, is problematic. This is because there are so many criteria by which the development or growth of an entity through time can be assessed. For example there are multiple perspectives from various academic disciplines to be taken into account, as well as those embedded within traditional values and knowledge at a flax-roots level. This paper attempts to take account of this complexity through the development of a sustainable development planning process, which attempts to formulate courses of action that are well-informed by specialists from various academic disciplines, as well as by knowledge from within flax-roots Maori communities. Initially this paper provides a literature review regarding current Maori sustainable landuse research within Aotearoa, in the attempt to encapsulate the ‘complexity’ of the issue at hand. Although this body of research provides important insights regarding the sustainable development of Maori land, it has a number of limitations, which are critically highlighted within this paper. From this literature review the sustainable development planning processes is developed. Further a conceptual sustainable land development model is offered, which provides a ‘yardstick’ from which sustainable landuse can be monitored. This model however must be considered a work in progress open to continuous and ongoing revision. The overall purpose of this sustainable development framework is threefold. First it is a basis from which Maori landholders, including private, corporate and communal, can plan the development of their whenua. Second it is a basis from which landholders can derive, maintain and enhance cultural benefits from their whenua, from social, economic and environmental perspectives. Third, it is a foundation from which a monitoring framework can be developed to assess the performance of land management practices across a range of indices, including; social, economic, ecological and cultural criteria.... [Show full abstract]
Fields of Research120504 Land Use and Environmental Planning
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